CHILD OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY



CHILD OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY

Tonsil and Adenoid Surery

Tonsils are organs that teach our bodies the microbes that enter our bodies. Assuming that the throat is a cylinder, the inner surface of this cylinder consists of organs that function as the tonsils. This region is called the "Waldayer ring," and the tonsils consist of adenoids, tongue tonsils, tuba tonsils and lateral band tonsils. However, the most prominent one are the tonsils that are seen to the right and left of the tongue root when we open our mouths. These are also the ones that work the hardest.

Adenoids also undertake the function of offering regional protection and identifying microbes, but they are only active in the first 2 years of life. Their importance decreases later in life. If more than 5 infections with fever in 2 years, or 6 infections in one year occurs, a tonsil surgery operation has to be planned. If the tonsils are excessively large, or the child has snoring problems, the operation has to be considered.

Excessive halitosis, tonsil stones or continuous bleeding in the tonsil area are cause for operation. Malign tumors on the tonsil are another reason for tonsil surgery. Adenoid surgery is generally performed for problems such as snoring, children with frequent sinusitis attacks and adenoid problems that cause fluid accumulation in the ear.

Ear Tube Implants

Normally, there is an air-filled gap in the middle ear. However, a liquid or jelly-like material accumulates in the middle ears of children with allergies, frequent infections and sinusitis problems, and large adenoids, and reduces hearing up to 30%. If this liquid persists for 6 weeks, or causes frequent infections, implanting a tube into the eardrum may be considered. It is necessary for the tube to stay implanted for 6 months - 1 year.

If this fluid is not treated for more than 6 months, it may lead to permanent hearing loss. The ear tube is usually implanted during adenoid surgery. The ear tube is usually implanted during adenoid surgery. It is believed that adenoids lead to fluid accumulation.